Centuries ago when man was just like other animals, there was no chaos, and all the waste that was produced was natural and did not need any treatment. But as the human race evolved, everything has evolved. There was construction, trade, inventions that produced things that could be used only once and had to be decomposed. Following this evolution, the waste management mechanism had to evolve too, the waste needed to be carried to different waste management plants to be treated.
The waste was earlier carried to the nearest waste disposal area and then was treated there, In around 1800, a horse cart or a wagon was designed to carry waste. Since the distance to be covered was small, a hand pulled cart, or a horse pulled cart could suffice the needs. But when the population began to increase and the waste treatment plants were located far from each other and technology made several alterations in everyone’s life, garbage trucks came into the picture.
The first formal garbage truck that ever was seen in the year 1929, and it was a horse driven cart which had a bucket hopper on its side which lifted the trash and through an opening on the top of the truck would be dumped it into the back. As the horse carts were proved to be very useful to carry waste, the shift to machine-driven trucks was seen quickly.
In 1930, George Dempster invented the machine driven truck. The working of this truck was different from the earlier truck. It had large bins that were filled with all the trash manually by men, and these bins would be lifted and placed in the truck mechanically. This mechanism gave the garbage trucks a new face and the name, Dumpster (Dempster-Dumpster).
After the picking up of the garbage revolution, there was also a change that brought in how the garbage was arranged in the truck. The year 1938, a truck, Barwood Load Packer changed the arrangement of the waste in the truck by using a compacting system. The compacting system is the system in which the garbage is crushed in the truck with an onboard compacting system. This way, more waste could be collected in one round of the truck.
The fundamentals of the compacting system is still the same. Later, to be able to carry more garbage owing to more population the power of the trucks and the size kept increasing while the principle of picking the garbage and compacting it remained the same.
It is interesting to see how the garbage trucks have evolved from a simple cart to hi-tech compartmentalized garbage trucks. Now with growing awareness of segregation of the organic waste and inorganic waste, there is a high possibility that the garbage trucks undergo a change and an all-new type of garage carrying trucks will be seen. Now the garbage trucks manufacturers are figuring out to decrease fuel cost and to reduce the overall carbon emission. The drop in CO2 emissions has been attributed to better technology for both petrol and diesel power plants, new generation engines altogether and the introduction of start-stop technology like mild-hybrid systems that are currently available in the Maruti Ertiga and Maruti Ciaz Car.