Nicolas Cugnot, a French military engineer developed a steam powered road-vehicle for the French army to haul heavy cannons. Tata Motors is India’s largest automobile company; the company manufactures commercial and passenger vehicles, and is the world’s fourth-largest truck manufacturer and the second-largest bus manufacturer. Below is a table of some automobile firsts, compiled from information in Leonard Bruno’s book Science and Technology Firsts (Detroit, c1997) and ‘s History of the Automobile. Moreover, the government has not laid down any minimum investment criteria for the automobile industry.
Incentives are in areas like rebates in land cost, relaxation in stamp duty exemption on sale or lease of land, power tariff incentives, a concessional rate of interest on loans, investment subsidies/tax incentives, backward areas subsidies, special incentive packages for mega projects.
The 1920s saw tremendous growth in automobile ownership, with the number of registered drivers almost tripling to 23 million by the end of the decade. Frequently overlooked in design and automotive histories, this ephemera offers a lucid mirror image of tastes, consumerism, and buying habits since the dawn of the automobile. His unrivaled private collection of ephemera has been featured in museum exhibitions around the world and in dozens of books. The automobile plants in India are ranked among the best in the world in terms of quality and productivity.
As the engine and passenger compartment in automobiles beginning in the 1930s in Europe and the United States were moved forward to improve riding comfort and road-handling characteristics, the distribution of weight between the front and rear wheels was shifted toward the front.
Bicycle mechanics J. Frank and Charles E. Duryea of Springfield, Massachusetts , had designed the first successful American gasoline automobile in 1893, then won the first American automobile race in 1895, and went on to make the first sale of an American-made gasoline car the next year.